Demographics of HIV
Global Demographics of HIV Infection
The following data were reported by UNAIDS in the Report on the global AIDS epidemic: Executive Summary
Demographics of HIV Infection in the United States
The following information was reported in Cases of HIV infection
and AIDS in United States in 2004 by the Department of Health and Human Services - Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention:
This report presents estimated numbers of cases of HIV/AIDS from the 35 areas (33 states, Guam, and the
U.S. Virgin Islands) with integrated HIV and AIDS surveillance since at least 2000 ... New York is the state
with the highest reported percentage (18%) of cumulative national AIDS cases, and inclusion of their
integrated data resulted in large numeric increases in the estimated number of HIV/AIDS cases compared to
previous HIV/AIDS surveillance reports.
From 2001 through 2004, the total number of new cases of HIV/AIDS in the 35 areas decreased slightly;
however, HIV/AIDS prevalence (i.e., the number of persons living with HIV/AIDS) increased during this time: at
the end of 2004, an estimated 462,792 persons in the 35 areas were diagnosed and living with HIV/AIDS. According
to the number of reported AIDS cases, these 35 areas represent approximately 61% of the epidemic in the United
Cases of HIV/AIDS
The estimated number of HIV/AIDS cases in the 35 areas with confidential name-based HIV infection reporting
decreased year to year from 2001 through 2003 and then increased approximately 1% from the end of 2003
(38,139) through the end of 2004 (38,685).
Cases of AIDS
During 2000-2001, decreases in annual AIDS cases began to level; however, after 2001, the estimated number of
AIDS cases increased each year. In 2004, the estimated rate of AIDS cases in the United States was 14.1 per
Demographics of HIV Infection in New York City
The following information was reported in the New York City Department of Health and Mental
Hygiene's HIV Surveillance and
Epidemiology Second Semiannual Report for 2005.
189,165 cases of HIV and AIDS have been diagnosed and reported in New York City since the
beginning of the epidemic. 93,748 (50%) have died.
The number of concurrent diagnoses of HIV/AIDS also declined slightly (2%), from 1,044 in
2004 to 1,019 in 2005. Concurrent HIV/AIDS accounted for 27% of all new diagnoses of HIV in both
Deaths have decreased in both sexes, all races, and all transmission categories. In 2001,
persons aged 50+ accounted for 34%; in 2005, that percentage had risen to 47%.
New Diagnoses of HIV (non-AIDS):
These demographics tell us that HIV has affected all communities in our city, our nation, and
around the world.